「係」

Entry #1
Pronunciation: hai6
Part of Speech: verb
Explanation:
  • "is", "is equal to", "means", indicating the subject and object are the same thing
    (Cant.) ji6gaa1ji6hai6sei3
    (Eng.) Two plus two is four.
    (Cant.) 1jat1mei4mai5hai61000000jat1 baak3 maan6fan6zi11jat1mai5
    (Eng.) 1 µm is 1/1000000 m.

  • to be; used as a grammatical construct to describe the subject
    (Cant.) aa3lik6hai6lek1zai2ngo5deoi3keoi5jau5seon3sam1
    (Eng.) Alex is a smart guy. I trust him.
    (Cant.) oi3jan1si1taan2hai6ji6sap6sai3gei2ge3zyu3ming4mat6lei5hok6gaa1
    (Eng.) Einstein is a famous physicist of the 20th century.

  • used to state that the subject falls within a category or set
    (Cant.) ngo5hai6hoeng1gong2jan4
    (Eng.) I am a Hongkonger.
    (Cant.) 西sai1gwaa1hai6haa6tin1sik6ge3saang1gwo2
    (Eng.) Watermelon is a fruit eaten in summer.

  • used as an affirmative; "yes"; "right"
    (Cant.) keoi5hai6m4hai6zou6co3zo2hai6gaa3
    (Eng.) Did he do wrong? Yes(, obviously).
    (Cant.) hai6mou5co3
    (Eng.) Yes, correct.

  • used when you are agreeing with a negative statement
    (Cant.) 甲:「你冇做快測呀?」乙:「係啊,我唔記得咗。」("nei5 mou5 zou6 faai3 caak1 aa4?" "hai6 aa3, ngo5 m4 gei3 dak1 zo2.")
    (Eng.) A: "So you haven't done rapid antigen test yet?" B: "No, I forgot it."

  • added in front of the main verb in the subordinate clause, in order to set up a contrasting (i.e. "but") main clause
    (Cant.) ngo5hai6sik1zou6bat1gwo3ngo5m4wui5bong1sau2gaa3
    (Eng.) I do know how to do it, but I am not going to help.
    (Cant.) keoi5hai6leng3neoi2bat1gwo3sing3gaak3maa4maa2lo1
    (Eng.) She is hot, but her personality is not.
    (Cant.) keoi5hai6ceon2daan6hai6dou1hou2kan4lik6aa1
    (Eng.) He is dumb, but he's hardworking, isn't he?

Synonym: Synonym: 嚟嘅
Antonym(s): Antonym(s): 並非 唔係
See also: yes 右派 正 冇錯
Copyrights:© 2022 Hong Kong Lexicography Limited - License
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「係」

Entry #2
Pronunciation: hai6
Part of Speech: expression
Explanation:
used to show that you are listening to someone, or that you are ready to listen and to give them an answer or information
(Cant.) aa3zong1hai6
(Eng.) A: "John?" B: "Yes."
Copyrights:© 2022 Hong Kong Lexicography Limited - License
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上面呢個欄位係用嚟隔走啲bot嘅。如果你唔係bot,請唔好填寫任何嘢。